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Cochin, a historic city located in the International sea trade route

06.04.2015 · Posted in News, Others, Tourist Spots

Cochin is a major port city located in the west coast of Indian mainland. The city is a part of Kerala state and is a significant upcoming city. Meanwhile, the city is also a popular holiday destination as the city is bestowed with all aspects of tourism. Brimming with countless places to visit in Cochin and great history, the city guarantees of a fun-filled holiday

Cochin is a major port city located in the west coast of India. The city’s rise fame began following the event, when the world popular port of Cranganore was destroyed by the flood of the Periyar River, which also created a natural harbor nearby Cochin. The city has been significant since the 14th century as it was strategically located in the international sea trade route that connected Europe to Middle East and Asia. The city was one of the largest trading port of spices that included cardamom, cloves, and cinnamon. The rest of the world recognized the city as the “Queen of Arabian Sea”; plus, its rulers also called it Homely Holland, Little Lisbon, and Mini England.

 

Since its very beginning the city has been a major site of colonization. It were the Portuguese merchants who first colonized the city. They came to Cochin in 1503 particularly with the prime purpose of trade and occupying the city, thus making the city one of the first few cities that were colonized by Europeans. The city continued to serve as their seat till 1530, when Goa became the new seat of administration.

The Portuguese lost the city to the Dutch, who invaded the city in 1653. In fact, Cochin is the first city to have ever recorded a battle that included vessels used for fighting. The Dutch made several developments in the city. They also built a fort called the Fort Williams while they were in power. The Maratha, Tipu Sultan and Hyder Ali then defeated the Dutch but soon lose the city to the Britishers. Following the independence of the country, the state Kerala was formed by merging the provinces of Kochi, Travancore, and few other neighbouring regions.

Meanwhile, Cochin still continues to remain the centre of trade. In fact, of the country’s total spice traded, 90 percent of the total is traded from the Cochin Port. Additionally, the city is also the headquarter of southern Indian Naval Command and home to the gunnery school, an air station, many leading shopping centres, and a number of other institutions.

Meanwhile, Cochin is also growing in the domain of tourism. It is one of the premier holiday destinations in South India. It is the only city in the world, in addition to China where huge fishing nets called Cheenavala, are used. People also call the net, the Chinese Fishing Net. Additionally, Cochin also houses some of the most exotic backwater destinations which are perfect for honeymooners. Enjoying a boat ride in the backwaters of the city is an activity every traveller should do. Plus, St. Francis Church which is one of the oldest European churches in India is situated in Cochin. It is the church that consists of the burial of Vasco-da-Gama.

The other significant places to visit in Cochin include: Santa Cruz Basilica, Vasco House, Jewish Synagogue, Dutch Palace, Willingdon Island, Cherai Beach, Marine Drive, Mattancherry Palace, Chottanikkara Temple, Jew Town, and Princess Street etc.

Tourists can reach Cochin by air, road, and rail. The nearest airport is about 20 km from the city. It is an international airport and connects the city to major Indian cities as well as international destinations. There are regular Cochin to Delhi flights and vice-verse. Plus, there are frequent flights from Mumbai, Chandigarh, Pune, Hyderabad, and Chennai etc.