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Is India Opting for More Green Buildings?

09.23.2013 · Posted in Property

Agreenbuilding-300x274ccording to the Indian Green Building Council (IGBC), a green building is defined as ‘one which uses less water, conserves natural resources, optimizes energy efficiency, generates less waste and provides healthier spaces for occupants as when compared to a conventional building’. In simple terms, the green building concept is to build in such a way that it minimizes the environmental impact and creates a healthy indoor environment for its occupants. Generally, the construction materials used in traditional buildings release harmful substances during their manufacture, and also create health issues. Agreen building makes use of natural fiber-based insulation, bamboo-based products and so on.

Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) have licensed the LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Green Building Standard from the U.S. Green Building Council, and is responsible for certifying the LEED-New Construction, Shell buildings and LEED-Core in India. The RMZ Millennia Park in Chennai is considered to be the largest LEED gold-rated Core & Shell building. The Indian Green Building Council was formed in the year 2001 by the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII). IGBC advocates reasonable whole-building approach based on 5 basic elements of nature (the Panchabutas, earth, fire, water, sky & air) by grasping the key developmental areas of construction and green building techniques, namely:

  • Saving water
  • Reasonable site development
  • Selection of materials
  • Quality of indoor environment
  • Energy conservation and efficiency

Today in India, there are about 265 certified green buildings and eco-homes which are fully operational. IGBC have launched various different rating programmes depending upon the type of building, including:


  • IGBC Green homes version 2 – This has been designed for rating new residential buildings like gated communities, individual homes, residential flats, etc.
  • IGBC Green Factory Building – This has been designed for upcoming and existing factory buildings like manufacturing industries, etc.
  • IGBC Green SEZs – This has been designed for Special Economic Zones (SEZ) and their ratings meet the guidelines of Ministry of Commerce & Industry (MoCI).
  • IGBC Green Townships – This has been developed for rating Integrated Township developments.
  • LEED 2011 for India (New Construction) – This has been designed for those buildings where the operations and design is completely in the control of the developer or the owner, like institutional buildings, corporate offices, etc.
  • LEED 2011 for (Core & Shell) – This rating system is used for projects where the developer has control over the design and construction of the entire core and shell base of the building but does not have any control over the design and construction of the tenant fit-outs, etc. Examples include retails malls, IT Parks, etc.


The Indian Bureau Energy Efficiency (BEE) has launched the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC). This code is set for energy-efficiency standards for design and construction within a building of minimum 1000 square metres and has a power demand of about 500KW or 600KVA. BEE has launched a 5-star rating scheme for official buildings which operates only in the daytime in 3 climatic zones (composite, warm & humid, hot & dry).  BEE has given a 5-star rating to the CII Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre in Hyderabad.

GRIHA or the Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment is the national rating system of India, which helps in assessing the performance of a building against a few nationally-acceptable benchmarks. It evaluates the performance of a building in its entire life cycle, and provides definite standards for what comprises a green building in India. GRIHA takes into account the aspects of waste generation, energy consumption, use of renewable sources, etc. so as to control, reduce and manage them and maximize their potential.

Points scored Rating
50–60 One star
61–70 Two stars
71–80 Three stars
81–90 Four stars
91–100 Five stars





In India, green buildings and eco-friendly homes are gaining momentum and is estimated to account for about 20% of all the constructions by the end of 2030. Among all the cities in India, Chennai is among the best in the development of green buildings. Climatic Zone: Cold & Cloudy – Himurja office building, Shimla – MLA Hostel, Spiti Climatic Zone: Composite, Faridabad – Transport Corporation of India Ltd, Delhi – Tapasya Block (Phase 1), ITC Green Centre (Gurgoan), and Raintree Hotels – Chennai, etc. are a few of the green buildings in India. Among the corporates, Wipro is highly regarded for its green Initiatives. There are many green building consultants in India like Godrej Green Building Consultancy Services, Surmount Energy, Environmental Design Solutions and Spectral Services, etc.

Author Bio:

Gayathri Deepak writes on behalf of, a property portal which caters to all the consumers needs in the real estate sector. It is a platform where buyers, sellers can exchange information in a quick and effective way. Sulekha property invites you to advertise a property, search for a property anywhere in India.